Perception and Production of Mandarin Tones by Native Speakers and L2 LearnersAuthor:Bei YangPublisher:SpringerPublication Year:2015
Tones are the most challenging aspect of learning Chinese as a second language, and L2 learners’ perceptual categories differ in important and fascinating ways from those of native speakers. This book explores the relationship between tone perception and production among native speakers and non-native learners as illustrated in the experiments the author conducted with native speakers, true learners and heritage learners, all of whom were tested on their ability to produce tones naturally and to perceive 81 synthesized tones in various contexts. The experiments show that each group processes tones differently with regard to both register (tonal level) and contour (tonal shape). The results also reveal how three types of cues – acoustic, psychological and contextual – influence non-native speakers’ tone perception and production.
Japanese Counterculture The Antiestablishment Art of Terayama ShūjiAuthor:Steven C. RidgelyPublisher:University of Minnesota PressPublication Year:2010
Explores the significant impact of this countercultural figure of postwar Japan
Terayama Shūji (1935–1983) was an avant-garde Japanese poet, dramatist, film director, and photographer known for his highly provocative art. In this inventive and revealing study, Steven C. Ridgely examines Terayama’s life and art to show that a conventional notion of him does not do full justice to the meaning and importance of his wide-ranging, often playful body of work.
Social and interactive perspectives on Japanese language proficiencyAuthor:Junko MoriPublisher:CALPER Publications.Publication Year:2012
Assumptions about language, language learning, and language learners affect the design of language textbooks and classroom practices. Three main chapters in this monograph explore the gap between how language is represented in textbooks versus how language is used outside the classroom. Focus of the explorations is on "grammar and interaction," "sociolinguistic variations and the construction of identities," and "communication styles and intercultural encounters." A final chapter discusses pedagogical implications, what can and cannot be accomplished inside and outside the classroom and how the two types of learning environments can be linked to each other in order to enhance the quality of the language learning experience.
Guided observations of video-recorded interactions among speakers of Japanese are presented to encourage reflection on assumptions and to illustrate language use outside of the classroom.
An Integrated Approach to Intermediate JapaneseAuthor:Naomi H. McGloinPublisher:Japan TimesPublication Year:1994
Perceiving Syllables and Contrasts: Second Language Learning PerspectivesAuthor:Byung-jin LimPublisher:Korea Univeristy PressPublication Year:2015
My aim in this book is not to redefine ‘Standard Korean’ but rather to delineate which speakers the current study is dealing with, and clarify how they will be sampled. As shown in above definitions of Standard Korean, social class and geographical distribution seem to be determining factors for the Standard language. Furthermore, since the current study is primarily concerned with the speech of young people in the Seoul area, age should be another important factor. So, I will focus on the speech of members of the younger generation who were born in or after 1985 and have grown up in the Seoul area until the age of twenty. Geographical distribution in Korea is important in that it seems to be highly correlated with economic development and distribution of wealth, which results in higher education levels in the Seoul area.
Decoding speech requires people to map onto stored network of information, and thus they are able to construct interpretations of the speakers’ intentions. This book investigates the process of segmentation (or syllabification), through which a continuous speech stream in a language is broken into meaningful units such that the information carried in spoken utterances or represented in orthography is relayed to language users.
Manga from the Floating World: Comicbook Culture and the Kibyōshi of Edo JapanAuthor:Adam L. KernPublisher:Cambridge: Harvard University Asia CenterPublication Year:2006
Manga from the Floating World is the first full-length study in English of the kibyôshi, a genre of sophisticated pictorial fiction widely read in late-eighteenth-century Japan. By combining analysis of the socioeconomic and historical milieus in which the genre was produced and consumed with three annotated translations of works by major author-artist Santô Kyôden (1761-1816) that closely reproduce the experience of encountering the originals, Adam Kern offers a sustained close reading of the vibrant popular imagination of the mid-Edo period. The kibyôshi, Kern argues, became an influential form of political satire that seemed poised to transform the uniquely Edoesque brand of urban commoner culture into something more, perhaps even a national culture, until the shogunal government intervened.
Based on extensive research using primary sources in their original Edo editions, the volume is copiously illustrated with rare prints from Japanese archival collections. It serves as an introduction not only to the kibyôshi but also to the genre's readers and critics, narratological conventions, modes of visuality, format, and relationship to the modern Japanese comicbook (manga) and to the popular literature and wit of Edo. Filled with graphic puns and caricatures, these entertaining works will appeal to the general reader as well as to the more experienced student of Japanese cultural history.
Alien Kind Foxes and Late Imperial Chinese NarrativeAuthor:Rania HuntingtonPublisher:Harvard University PressPublication Year:2004
To discuss the supernatural in China is “to talk of foxes and speak of ghosts.” Ming and Qing China were well populated with foxes, shape-changing creatures who transgressed the boundaries of species, gender, and the metaphysical realm. In human form, foxes were both immoral succubi and good wives/good mothers, both tricksters and Confucian paragons. They were the most alien yet the most common of the strange creatures a human might encounter.
Rania Huntington investigates a conception of one kind of alien and attempts to establish the boundaries of the human. As the most ambiguous alien in the late imperial Chinese imagination, the fox reveals which boundaries around the human and the ordinary were most frequently violated and, therefore, most jealously guarded.
Each section of this book traces a particular boundary violated by the fox and examines how maneuvers across that boundary change over time: the narrative boundaries of genre and texts; domesticity and the outside world; chaos and order; the human and the non-human; class; gender; sexual relations; and the progression from animal to monster to transcendent. As “middle creatures,” foxes were morally ambivalent, endowed with superhuman but not quite divine powers; like humans, they occupied a middle space between the infernal and the celestial.
Discourse and Politeness Ambivalent Face in JapaneseAuthor:Naomi GeyerPublisher:Bloomsbury PublishingPublication Year:2010Discourse and Politeness examines Japanese institutional discourse and attempts to clarify the relationship between politeness, facework and speaker identity. The book seeks to establish an empirically grounded analysis of facework as the basis for evaluating politeness, and describes facework in delicate situations such as disagreement, teasing and talking about troubles, which have rarely been discussed in politeness studies.
Insightful and cutting-edge, this research monograph will be of interest to researchers in discourse analysis, sociolinguistics and Japanese language. - See more at: http://www.bloomsbury.com/us/discourse-and-politeness-9780826497819/#sth...
Foundations of Dharmakirti's PhilosophyAuthor:John D. DunnePublisher:Wisdom PublicationsPublication Year:2004
Throughout the history of Buddhism, few philosophers have attained the stature of Dharmakirti, the "Lord of Reason" who has influenced virtually every systematic Buddhist thinker since his time.
Dharmakirti's renowned works, written in India during the philosophically rich seventh century, argue that the true test of knowledge is its efficacy, and likewise that only the efficacious is knowable and real. Around this central theme is woven an intricate web of interrelated theories concerning perception, reason, language, and the justification of knowledge. Masterfully unpacking these foundations of Dharmakirti's system, John Dunne presents the first major study of the most vexing issues in Dharmakirti's thought within its Indian philosophical context. Lucid and carefully argued, Dunne's work serves both as an introduction to Dharmakirti for students of Buddhism and a groundbreaking resource for scholars of Buddhist thought.
Love after The Tale of Genji Rewriting the World of the Shining PrinceAuthor:Charo B. D'EtcheverryPublisher:Harvard University PressPublication Year:2007
The eleventh-century masterpiece The Tale of Genji casts a long shadow across the literary terrain of the Heian period (794-1185). It has dominated critical and popular reception of Heian literary production and become the definitive expression of the aesthetics, poetics, and politics of life in the Heian court.
But the brilliance of Genji has eclipsed the works of later Heian authors, who have since been displaced from the canon and relegated to critical obscurity.
Charo B. D’Etcheverry calls for a reevaluation of late Heian fiction by shedding new light upon this undervalued body of work. D’Etcheverry examines three representative texts--The Tale of Sagoromo, The Tale of the Hamamatsu Middle Counselor, and Nezame at Night--as legitimate heirs to the literary legacy of Genji and as valuable indexes to the literary tastes and readerly expectations that evolved over the Heian period.
Balancing careful analyses of plot, character, and motif with keen insights into the cultural and political milieu of the late Heian period, D’Etcheverry argues that we should read such works not as mere derivatives of a canonical text, but as dynamic fictional commentaries and variations upon the tropes and subplots that continue to resonate with readers of Genji.